Solar Power in India

Solar power is developing rapidly in India and as of 30 June 2016, the cumulative installed grid connected solar power capacity was 7,568 MW with a proposed target of 100,000 MW by 2022. India is ranked number one in terms of solar electricity production per watt installed, with an insolation of 1,700 to 1,900 kilowatt hours per kilowatt peak (kWh/KWp). In January 2015, the Indian government significantly expanded its solar plans, targeting US$100 billion of investment and 100 GW of solar capacity (including 40,000 MW from rooftop solar) by 2022.

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With about 300 clear, sunny days in a year, India’s theoretically calculated solar energy incidence on its land area alone, is about 5,000 trillion kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year (or 5 EWh/yr). The solar energy available in a year exceeds the possible energy output of all fossil fuel energy reserves in India. The daily average solar power plant generation capacity over India is 0.20 kWh per m2 of used land area, which is equivalent to about 1,400–1,800 peak (rated) capacity operating hours in a year with the available commercially-proven technologies.